Industrialization is a dynamic instrument of growth essential for economic and social development, in particular for the developing countries, improving the quality of life of the people, and the promotion of an equitable economic and social order.
Goal 9 of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development aims at developing quality, reliable, sustainable and resilient infrastructure, including regional and transborder infrastructure, to support economic development and human well-being, with a focus on affordable and equitable access for all. It lays thrust on the promotion of inclusive and sustainable industrialization and, by 2030, significantly raise industry’s share of employment and gross domestic product, in line with national circumstances, and double its share in least developed countries.
Non-Aligned Movement, the largest collective organization highlighting the developmental needs of the Global South, has emphasized that economic development, including inclusive industrial development, and policies which seek to enhance productive capacities in developing countries, can generate employment and income for the poor and, therefore, be an engine for poverty eradication and for achieving internationally agreed development goals.
NAM firmly believes that regional, sub-regional and interregional cooperation as a platform for international industrial cooperation aiming to promote investment and technology transfer, to disseminate good policies and practices as well as to foster job creation, including for youth and women.
In this context, NAM has commended the efforts of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) to assist developing countries in their industrialization objectives and has called for supporting such efforts. UNIDO was established on 17 November 1966, with a mission to “accelerate industrial development in developing countries”. UNIDO is the specialized agency of the United Nations that promotes industrial development for poverty reduction, inclusive globalization and environmental sustainability. UNIDO’s mandate is fully recognized in Goal 9.
NAM has welcomed the various initiatives undertaken by UNIDO to promote industrial development. The Movement appreciated UNIDO’s initiative in organizing the 7th LDC Ministerial Conference, held in Vienna, Austria, on the 23-24 November 2017. The Conference was held in the context of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Decade for Africa, and aimed at supporting the international efforts to help fostering the graduation of the LDCs.
UNIDO has actively cooperated with developing nations. A few cases may be mentioned in this context. With India, UNIDO has a long history of cooperation. The UNIDO-India collaboration has been extensive and multifaceted.
UNIDO’s projects in India have placed special emphasis on SME development, partnerships with the private sector, and research. UNIDO’s activities in India are clearly in line with the development needs of the country and the objectives set henceforth. In order to support the “Make in India” initiative launched by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, UNIDO and India have developed a strong working relationship to build a solid industrial sector to generate employment, alleviate poverty and protect the environment. UNIDO’s activities are also concurrent with other initiatives by the government, such as “Smart Cities” and “Swachh Bharat” (“Clean India”). India is a recipient and contributor to UNIDO programmes. The country contributes to UNIDO’s regular budget EUR 0.8 million annually. In addition, India makes an annual voluntary contribution of US$ 1.2 million to the Industrial Development Fund (IDF) of UNIDO. This contribution has two components: 1) A general purpose component of US$ 0.1 million, which is used by UNIDO for its technical cooperation activities in developing countries; and; 2) A special purpose component of US$ 1.1 million used by UNIDO to implement projects in India.
In South Africa, UNIDO’s plan have supported projects are related to industrial energy efficiency improvement in order to save the scarce energy needed to maintain the targeted 6% GDP growth, to improve the productivity and competitiveness of industrial products and to create more jobs, as well as to reduce CO2 emissions.
UNIDO has also played an active role in Latin America and Caribbean region. UNIDO has initiated a joint programme (3ADI) in the areas of agribusiness value chains, food security, policies, financing and related trade.
The initiative calls for the accelerated development of agribusiness and agro-industries to ensure value addition to agricultural products of developing countries.