Multilateralism is a core principle on which the Non-Aligned Movement is based. In accordance with these principles, NAM recognizes that the United Nations General Assembly occupies the central role and position as the chief deliberative policy making and representative organ of the United Nations. The Movement has called for a revitalization of the work of the United Nations General Assembly.
NAM attaches great significance to the UN Resolution 69/321, 70/305 and 71/323. In accordance with these resolutions, NAM recognizes that implementation of General Assembly resolutions, including those related to the revitalization of its work, enhances the role, authority, effectiveness and efficiency of the Assembly, and underlines the important role and responsibility of Member States in their full implementation. NAM further believes that the relationship between the principal organs of the United Nations is mutually reinforcing and complementary, in accordance with full respect for their respective functions, authority, powers and competencies as enshrined in the UN Charter.
At the General Debate during the First meeting of the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Revitalization of the Work of the General Assembly (AHWG) held during the 72nd session of the United Nations General Assembly in New York, NAM Member States reiterated the principled position of the Movement. Algeria, speaking on the behalf of Non-Aligned Movement reiterated that revitalization of the work of the General Assembly is a critical component of the comprehensive reform of the United Nations. Indeed a reinvigorated General Assembly would significantly contribute to the strengthening of the wider United Nations system, to the improvement of the international governance and the enhancement of multilateralism.
At the 72nd UNGA, Cuba endorsed the position of NAM and stated that The General Assembly is the main deliberative, policymaking and representative organ of the United Nations; and its process of revitalization is an essential requirement for the effectiveness and efficiency of the United Nations A true reform of the United Nations requires a revitalization of the General Assembly that consolidates the democratic and participatory nature of this Organ, through the full exercise of the powers enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations by its 193 Member States. It is essential to fully respect the Charter of the United Nations, as well as the Regulations of the General Assembly and other bodies. Guaranteeing the confidence of the international community in the United Nations and its legitimacy also requires that the Organization truly responds to the collective interests of its Member States.
India also aligned itself the position of the Non-Aligned Movement that the primacy of General Assembly flows from the universality of its membership and the principle of sovereign equality of all its members. The effectiveness, relevance and longevity of any institution lies in its dynamic character, its ability to adapt itself to the changing times so that it does not only uphold the timeless values but also addresses the emerging problems and challenges of the day. India firmly believes that that the position of the General Assembly as the chief deliberative, policymaking and representative organ of the United Nations, as mandated by the UN Charter, needs to be restored and respected in letter and in spirit. The General Assembly must lead in setting the global agenda and in restoring the centrality of the UN in formulating multilateral approaches to addressing emerging challenges and resolving transnational issues.
An important component of the revitalization of UNGA is the process of selection and appointment of UN Secretary General. NAM believes that the process should be transparent, democratic and inclusive. NAM has also raised calls for strengthening the institutional memory of the Office of the President of the General Assembly. NAM also calls for strengthening the role and authority of the UN General Assembly. The Movement had also called for increasing the public awareness of the functions and role of the UN General Assembly.
By Dr. Pawan Mathur