NAM and World Peace

“The preservation of peace…” it was in the pursuit of this policy that the path of non-alignment was chosen by our first president Jawaharlal Nehru.
NAM, the Non-Aligned Movement, the voice of the developing countries has always valued the ethics of peaceful co-existence amongst nation states and has made strenuous efforts towards the establishment of an international order characterized by peace and reverence for the authority of nations. A movement which primarily began with the aim of strengthening the independence of the newly independent countries, ceasing colonialism and promoting world peace, has gained prominence since the times of its inception during the Cold War. It was adopted to reduce the friction caused due to formation of factions, by refusing to align itself to any of the Military blocs which posed serious threat to world peace.
As the largest grouping of countries outside of the United Nations, NAM consists of 120 members, 17 observer countries and 10 observer organisations till date, representing about 55 per cent of the world population. This number plays a very influential role in creating a new international economic order in which economic relations between nations would be based on equality, non-exploitation of one nation by another and the narrowing down of economic disparities. In-spite of their ideological, political, economic, social and cultural diversity these developing countries have acknowledged its founding principles and shown an inclination to realize them.
Years after the Cold War the movement still stands strong and firm on its fundamentals of peace, tolerance and mutual respect with a voice of its own. The movement was never conceived to play a passive or neutral role in any international politics but to verbalize its own independent ideas reflecting the opinion and interests of the members. Thus its efforts were to move out of the web of domination and destruction, and focus on the support of self-determination, national independence and the sovereignty and territorial integrity of States; opposition to apartheid, non-adherence to polygonal military pacts and the independence of non-aligned countries from bloc influences and rivalries. Since its origin, the movement has waged a perpetual battle to ensure the freedom of human beings of all its nations from tyranny and subjugation.
The key principles which were adopted as the main goals and objectives of NAM, undertaking the task of upholding peace and harmony were –
1. Respect of fundamental human rights and of the objectives and principles of the Charter of the United Nation.
2. Respect of the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all nations.
3. Recognition of the equality among all races and of the equality among all nations, both large and small.
4. Non-intervention or non-interference into the internal affairs of another -country.
5. Respect of the right of every nation to defend itself, either individually or collectively, in conformity with the Charter of the United Nations.
6. A. Non-use of collective defence pacts to benefit the specific interests of any of the great powers.
B. Non-use of pressures by any country against other countries.
7. Refraining from carrying out or threatening to carry out aggression, or from using force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any country.
8. Peaceful solution of all international conflicts in conformity with the Charter of the United Nations.
9. Promotion of mutual interests and of cooperation.
10. Respect of justice and international obligations.
But the world is experiencing severe dramatic changes, especially in the Middle Eastern regions which have been facing an extensive transformational thunderstorm over the past year and a half. The turmoil and chaos in Syria, Lebanon, Libya, Tunisia, Iran and Egypt among others not only disturbs these nations in particular but also affects the world at large.
These present circumstances pose great threat to the principles of peace and security, economic development, social progress as well as the rule of law laid down by the governing body. The recent non-alignment summits have been focused on the present global situation while trying to find a solution to these approaching threats to their motto of ‘peace’. “It’s a very challenging global environment at the moment. The Movement needs to remain true to its principles, but at the same time must adapt to changing global circumstances,” Indonesian Foreign Minister Marty Natalegawa was quoted saying during the 16th NAM summit. As the voice of developing countries, NAM continues to endeavour to maintain world peace and security amidst all the change and disorder forgetting all the differences and becoming one “political voice”.

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