NAM and Post-Conflict Reconstruction in Afghanistan

Non-Aligned Movement recognizes that the establishment of peace and security remains essential for the reconstruction, humanitarian relief efforts and sustainable development in the country and notes that sustainable progress on security, development, and governance are mutually reinforcing.

NAM has welcomed the conclusion of Afghanistan’s presidential elections and the inauguration on 29 September 2014 of the new President of Afghanistan marking the first democratic transition of power in the country’s history and welcomed the formation of the Government of National Unity.

NAM has emphasizes the importance of all parties in Afghanistan working together in order to achieve a unified, peaceful, democratic and prosperous future for all the people of Afghanistan, and called the courage and determination of the Afghan people who participated in the presidential elections in large numbers despite threats and intimidation by the Taliban and other violent extremist and terrorist groups and commend international partners for the effective and critical support provided to Afghan institutions throughout the elections.

NAM has also welcomed the adoption of UN Security Council Resolution 2274 of 15 March 2016, which welcomed the continued role of the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan as well as Security Council resolution 2189 of 12 December 2014, on the Resolute Support Mission. Many NAM Member States have reiterated their commitment towards United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA). Egypt has been willing to providing specialized training for the Afghan security forces, with donor parties offering adequate assistance to help it do so, and also intendes to help monitor the political and security situation in the country. India along with Iran was working with Afghanistan to develop trilateral transit and participation in developing the port of Chahbahar. India supported the Afghan Government-led reconciliation process and believes that UNAMA must keep assisting with Afghanistan’s reconstruction, since it was uniquely placed to coordinate international efforts.

At the 17th NAM Summit in Venezuela in 2016, NAM leaders reiterated the importance of continued international support for the stable, peaceful and democratic Afghanistan and to further enhance the capabilities and capacities of the Afghan National Defence and Security Forces to enable them to maintain security and stability throughout the country. NAM has also welcomed the assumption of full responsibility by Afghan Government in all sectors, including, security, development and governance, welcomed the initiation of the Transformation Decade (2015-2024).

NAM has expressed deep concern at the continued high level of violence in Afghanistan, condemning in the strongest terms all violent attacks and recognizing in that regard the continuously alarming threats posed by the terrorist activities committed by the Taliban, Al-Qaida and other violent and extremist groups, as well as the challenges related to the efforts to address such threats.

At the Venezuela Summit 2016, NAM condemned the terrorist and criminal acts committed by the Taliban, Al-Qaida and other extremist groups, including improvised explosive device attacks, suicide attacks, assassinations, including abductions, indiscriminate targeting of civilians, attacks against humanitarian workers, and targeting of Afghan and international security forces as well as the assassination of public figures, such as Professor Burhanuddin Rabbani, former President of Afghanistan and Chairman of the High Peace Council (HPC), and others. The NAM Heads of State or Government reaffirmed their conviction that this once again underlined the need for strengthening international cooperation in the global fight against terrorism. The Heads of State or Government also reaffirmed their conviction that such incidents would not deter the Afghan nation and the international community in their struggle against forces of terrorism in reconstruction and development of Afghanistan.

NAM is committed to supporting Afghanistan and its leadership in defending and preserving its sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity and national unity, including through eliminating the threats to its peace and security, and contribute to the reconstruction, humanitarian relief efforts and sustainable development in Afghanistan.

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