NAM and Latin America

The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) was created and founded during the collapse of the colonial system and the independence struggles of the peoples of Africa, Asia, Latin America and other regions of the world and at the height of the Cold War.
During the early days of the Movement, its actions were a key factor in the decolonization process, which led later to the attainment of freedom and independence by many countries and peoples and to the founding of tens of new sovereign States. Throughout its history, the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries has played a fundamental role in the preservation of world peace and security.
The principles that would govern relations among large and small nations, known as the “Ten Principles of Bandung”, were proclaimed at the Bandung Conference. The fulfillment of those principles became the essential criterion for Non-Aligned Movement membership; it is what was known as the “quintessence of the Movement”.
Many of the countries that intended to join the movement were under a status of neo-colonization during that period of time. However, as the movement grew, more and more countries that were colonies of the imperialists became a part of this organization. This movement was not just limited to countries from Asia and Africa but also extended to Latin America.
Latin America comprises of those countries in the American continent which were colonized by Spain and Portugal. There were twenty such countries namely: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Cuba, and the Dominican Republic etc. When the Latin American countries gained independence, the primary area of conflict was between the liberals and the conservatives.
The Seventh Summit of Non-Aligned Movement which was held in New Delhi in 1983, one of the main agendas was the continuing tension in Central-America, the Caribbean and South-Atlantic countries.
The situation in these countries was carefully analyzed and it was inferred that Central America faced a serious political, social and economic crisis which was majorly brought about by the traditionally repressive power structure and by national economic structures that perpetuated poverty, inequality and misery and aggravated by the interference and intervention by industrial powers which these countries have been subjected to since the beginning of the 21st century.
Seven Latin-American countries had participated as members and seven more as observers of NAM. These countries include Cuba, Guyana, Jamaica and Trinidad & Tobago, Argentina, Peru and Chile. The political process in Latin America is very dynamic in nature as the same countries adopt different stance with respect to the Non-Aligned Movement under different regimes.
Latin American states have always supported the movement and had been an explicit part ever since laying the foundation. The growing Latin-American participation in Non-Aligned Movement, from Non-Aligned view-point, has been considered as a positive fact in different Conferences.
NAM has shown concern towards Latin American nations especially the ones where conflict situations have persisted even after independence. The active participation of nations like Cuba has helped the organization conduct 16th NAM summit contemplating important concerns and issues related to NAM member nations.
Moreover many issues where these Latin Nations needed assistance and support NAM has time and over provided the same, viz. the issue of US interference in Venezuela was dealt, citizenship problems of Latin Americans were dealt under various NAM summits. Not limiting the prospectus of these nations to NAM policies that were mentioned during origin there have been bilateral developments within these nations. The strengthening of bilateral ties has hence brought a developed future for these nations.
The unification of the Latin American nations and NAM helps to receive political support from like-minded countries at the international arena, above all, at the United Nations. The factor of support is of a particular significance given that many crucial decisions in the UN system are adopted through a vote.
The self-determination and non-intervention have been two principles traditionally supported inside of Inter-American System by Latin-American countries which has also been the perspective of NAM. The support of NAM has benefitted and unified these Latin Nation on one hand and has strengthen the movement in a symbiotic relation.

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