NAM and its role to Counter Terrorism

The Non – Alignment Movement has advocated the principles of liberation and sovereignty of states without falling down to pressure of the developed country since organized. NAM has always advised peace and harmony in its agenda as non proliferation of nuclear weapons being one of the strongest pillars of the movement. NAM accounts the second largest group after the United Nations; its agenda on terrorism plays an important in conveying the message of peace to the member countries.
To be in line with the developments experienced by the world following the 11 September events and the UN Security Council decisions about the fight against terrorism, the NAM placed this “thorny” and “complex” issue in its priorities during the capital summits and ministerial meetings. NAM has in its ministerial conferences considered the issue of terrorism and has given critical importance in lending helping hand to the UN on existing laws.
The Movement which has always promoted the principles of freedom and struggle against racial discrimination while supporting the rights of people to independence in a bipolar world strives today, in a unipolar world, to take up the challenges of development, peace and stability and work to banish double standards when calling acts terrorism. NAM has considered the issue important and discussed the same in various summits held by the organization.
In its XIV Summit at Cuba (2006) the conference put forward the issue of terrorism and necessary steps that need to be taken to curb the issue. The 118-nation Non-Aligned Movement, in its 14th summit, expressed its total opposition to terrorism in all its forms and manifestations. It asked countries to combat the menace, including by prosecuting and extraditing its perpetrators. During this summit ‘the Havana declaration’ was adopted which urged the member countries to refrain from extending political, diplomatic, moral or material support to terrorism under the UN Charter and also asking them to fulfill global obligations not to give it any support. It resolved to oppose and condemn the categorization of countries as ‘good or evil’ based on unilateral and unjustified criteria and the adoption of a doctrine of pre-emptive attack, including by nuclear weapons. It had shown equal of concern for the efforts of international community to fight terrorism and force destabilization of political support to any act of terrorism.
In its XV Summit in Egypt the member countries urged to fight against terrorism and also suggested that terrorism had to be defined and all forms of the scourge tackled firmly. Sources of the menace should be spotted and severe steps need to be incorporated to seek international solidarity to enhance world peace and development.
NAM also took stand against terrorism in its XVI Summit in Tehran (2012) declaring its agenda against terrorism. The NAM states also condemned all forms of terrorism, including state-sponsored terrorism, declared that the structure of the United Nations should be revised, and declared every its support for peaceful nuclear energy program for developmental proposes. Since the Summits of Havana (Cuba-2006), Charm El Sheikh (Egypt-2009) and Tehran (Iran-2012), terrorism issue takes the lion’s share in the Africa-Asian group agenda and constitutes one of the main priorities, condemning any mixture between terrorism and legitimate fight of the occupied peoples.
NAM has always taken strong stance to curb terrorism and has proposed the need of new policies against terrorist activities. The organization has denounced double standards that were maintained by some countries and politicized approaches as major obstacles in the way of firmly dealing with terrorism. The NAM has always supported decisive combat against all forms of terrorism wherever and whenever they occur and believes that counter-terrorism efforts should be immune from any politicization and double standards.
NAM declared in its last ministerial meet that there is need for strong measures to be taken to deal terrorism. In its campaign for reform of the United Nations, especially the Security Council has gained support over the prevailing failures of the UN to curb terrorism. NAM has also advocated collaboration with the UNSC and to form military organization like the NATO forces to fight terrorism in affected regions. Along with the main postulated reforms the NAM wished to bring in UN, developing an armed force is also aimed to achieve. It has called for efforts to make the Council more democratic, more representative, more accountable and more effective. It has also proposed that the criminal acts intended or calculated to provoke a state of terror among the people ‘for whatever purposes, wherever, by whomever, against whomsoever committed are, in any circumstance, unjustifiable, whatever the considerations or factors that may be invoked to justify them’.
NAM in its consecutive summits has condemned the act of terrorism, it has always urged the member countries to fulfill their obligations under international and humanitarian law to combat terrorism, include by prosecuting or extraditing the perpetrators of terrorist acts and by not instigating or financing terror acts against other states. The previous NAM summits have given much importance to the issue of rising terrorism and proposed needs to curb the same, in coming summits it is expected to taking necessary steps to deal with the issue with reformative laws included in the UN council and formation of its own force to fight terrorist activities. The summits have always reflected some of the most pressing issues that have bearing on global security, peace, stability and human rights.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.