NAM Advocating Greater Inter-Regional Cooperation among Global South

The Non-Aligned movement, which was inaugurated with a membership of 25 newly-independent countries 25 years ago, has now developed into a very extensive movement with more than 100 newly-emergent member nations and into an organized political force. It has a great influence on revolutionary change in the world and on international political life. Non Aligned Movement has always stood for an increasing co-operation among its member states under various policy areas. Theoretically, this can also be interpreted as an increasing call for South- South cooperation.
Thus, the Non –Aligned Movement has collaborated with other organizations of the developing world – primarily the Group of 77 – forming a number of joint committees and releasing statements and documents representing the shared interests of both groups. This dialogue and cooperation can be taken as an effort to increase the global awareness about the organization and bolster its political clout. The objectives of the South –South cooperation under Non –Aligned Movement were explicitly enumerated by Vicente Paolo Yu III, Programme Coordinator, Global Governance for Development, South Centre at the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development, Geneva.
In a UN High Level conference on South-South cooperation held at Nairobi, Kenya in 2009, he stated that at the core of South-South cooperation is the belief that achieving development is the South’s own responsibility, and that such development can only be achieved under conditions of fundamental equity, social progress, respect for sovereignty, and equal economic and political relationships with developed countries. NAM has always cherished the principles of multilateralism and believes that engagement, premised on effective South-South policy coordination, works best in a context where the forum and the modalities allow full play for developing countries to participate in multilateral decisions.
The Non – Aligned Movement has stressed that General Assembly High-level Committee on South-South Cooperation is the central multilateral policy-making body in the UN system to review and assess global and system-wide progress on and support for South-South development cooperation, including triangular cooperation, and to provide overall guidance on future directions. Any talk of NAM’s role in interregional cooperation is incomplete without a mention of the Non-Aligned Movement Centre for South-South Technical Cooperation (NAM-CSSTC) and its efforts of organizing training programmes and enhancing the capacity of the Non-Aligned Movement Member Countries in achieving the Internationally Agreed Developments Goals, including the MDG’s.
In the Eleventh Conference of Heads of State of Government of Non-Aligned Countries held in Cartagena, Colombia, 14 to 20 October 1995, NAM endorsed the establishment of the Centre for South-South Technical Cooperation (CSSTC) in Indonesia as one of the vital and effective means for promotion and accelerating development in developing countries. The major objective of the CSSTC is to achieve the development goal of developing countries to attain sustained people-centred development and to enable developing countries to become equal partners in international relations. CSSTC operates in a number of areas such as supporting poverty eradication; the development of microfinance, small and medium enterprises, information and communication technology, health, agriculture, environment including disaster risk management, public-private partnership, international trade, as well as good public and private governance.
According to United Nations estimate, by 2025, the Global South is likely to account for 600 million households with incomes of over USD 20,000 and an overall annual consumption of USD 30 trillion. South-South cooperation has contributed substantially to this trend. Since 2009, developing countries have exported more to one another than to developed countries. One of the valuable aspects of South-South cooperation is that it gives those in need of development the chance to shape the future they want. It is crucial that organizations based on inter regional cooperation like the SAARC and African Union along with the Non-Aligned Movement take the lead in realizing this potential. The above instances are a manifestation of how NAM promotes and strengthen regional and sub-regional integration through groupings and other arrangements on the basis of mutual benefit, complementarities and solidarity among developing countries with a view to facilitating and accelerating the economic growth and development of their economies.

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