The International Year of Sustainable Mountain Development has been declared by the United Nations General Assembly for the year 2022. All governments, international organizations, and stakeholders are encouraged to use the Year to raise awareness about the importance of mountain ecosystem conservation and sustainable use.
The UN Member States recognize in the resolution that mountain regions, particularly in poor nations, are experiencing rising poverty, food insecurity, social exclusion, environmental degradation, and disaster risk, with restricted access to essential services. Safe and inexpensive drinking water, basic sanitation, and modern energy services are among them.
The resolution requests that the International Partnership for Sustainable Development in Mountain Regions (Mountain Partnership), in partnership with other relevant organizations, make the International Year more accessible.
On December 16, 2021, the text was unanimously approved. The draught resolution was proposed by Kyrgyzstan, which noted that mountain countries have distinct sorts of ecosystems that provide habitat for rare species of flora and wildlife. As a result, the difficulties they face as a result of climate change are unique, and adaptation and mitigation will necessitate a unique set of actions. The proclamation of the Year, according to a spokesperson from Kyrgyzstan, highlights the importance of preserving the global life support system, which is critical to the global ecosystem’s survival.
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