Malaysia, Venezuela and Angola win UN Security Council Seat

The Non-Aligned Movement was formed during the Cold War, largely on the initiative of then-Yugoslav President Josip Broz Tito, as an organization of States that did not seek to formally align themselves with either the super powers, but sought to remain independent and neutral.
The basic concept for the group originated in 1955 during discussions that took place at the Asia-Africa Bandung Conference held in Indonesia. Subsequently, a preparatory meeting for the First NAM Summit Conference was held in Cairo, Egypt from 5-12 June 1961. At this meeting, participants discussed the goals of a policy of nonalignment, which were adopted as criteria for membership.
The NAM traces its origins to a meeting in 1955 discussed common concerns where only 29 Asian and African country heads of state were present, today the number of member countries attending the meet is 120. NAM has sought to create an independent path in world politics that would not result in member States becoming pawns in the struggles between the major powers.
It identifies the right of independent judgment, the struggle against imperialism and neo-colonialism, and the use of moderation in relations with all big powers as the three basic elements that have influenced its approach. At present, an addition goal is facilitating a restructuring of the international economic order.
The Non – Alignment Movement has advocated the principles of liberation and sovereignty of states without falling down to pressure of the developed country since organized. NAM has always advised peace and harmony in its agenda as non proliferation of nuclear weapons being one of the strongest pillars of the movement.
NAM accounts the second largest group after the United Nations; its agenda on terrorism plays an important in conveying the message of peace to the member countries. With many objectives that probed into constituting the movement amendments in UN Security Council was one such motive.
NAM has always maintained the pressure of not letting the member countries turn into pawns of the powerful nations. This collaboration of the member nations and the UN was with the intention to make the opinion of the UN not in favor of the powerful UN member nations.
The United Nations (UN) Security Council elected five new non-permanent members — one from Africa, one from the Asia-Pacific, one from Latin America and the Caribbean, and two from the Western Europe and Others category.
In recently elections of providing non-permanent seats to member countries of NAM in UN Security Council, three of the NAM nations made a mark victory in winning seats. Malaysia won a non-permanent seat in the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), taking 187 out of the total 192 votes. The respective winners for other vacancies were Angola (Africa), Venezuela (Latin America and the Caribbean). The voting took place at the United Nations General Assembly hall to fill five vacancies among the Security Council’s non – permanent membership.
The new non-permanent members will come to the Council with regional priorities. Change in non-permanent members is decisively important because the Council’s permanent members with vetoes are divided and are blocking progress. As for enlargement of the Security Council, adding permanent seats with vetoes is a sure way to make the enterprise seize up and not function but to set accountability in the Security Council, then there is need of non-permanent members.
The new members will take up their seats on Jan 1, 2015 and will serve on the Council until Dec 31, 2016. The five permanent Council members, which each wield the power of veto, are China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States. Along with Lithuania, the non-permanent members that will remain on the Council until the end of 2015 are Chad, Chile, Jordan, and Nigeria.
In the race lead by the powerful nations in the world, the mark of making an entry into the UN Security Council is a sign of validity of the NAM organization. The importance of these member nations is understood by the international community and their opinions are given priorities to keep the balance between the different blocs in the world.
The Cold War was not the sole or only critical issue on the agenda of the Non-Aligned Movement. A cursory glance at the history of the Movement reveals three basic elements which influenced the approaches of the Movement to international issues. These are the right of independent judgment, the struggle against imperialism and neo-colonialism, and the use of moderation in relations with all big powers. Thus, with this win of marking an existence in the UN has helped the organization to maintain its objective of manifesting the organization.

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