Maintaining Sanitation and Hygiene – NAM

Worldwide, approximately 2.6 billion of the populace do not have access to satisfactory sanitation. Proper sanitation and hygiene culture can prevent the spread of disease¯ saving lives and shielding communities. In areas where Episcopal Relief & Development and its partners work, communities time and again lack access to sanitation systems. For the most part, latrines or other facilities are unavailable, causing residents to ease themselves in the open. Which again leads to water sources– which families and individuals use for everyday purposes like, drinking, bathing and other household uses – can quickly become contaminated, causing diarrhoea and other common illnesses.

NAM amidst its political issues which it takes into consideration has since its inception been particularly concerned about the populace and its living conditions. It has taken several measures to make living convenient and better in its member states but results are yet to be seen.
Despite its efforts, in 2004, only 59% of the world’s population had access to any type of improved sanitation facility, 4 out of 10 people around the world had no access to improved sanitation.

They were forced to defecate in the open and use unhealthy facilities, with a serious risk of exposure to sanitation-related diseases. While sanitation coverage has improved from 49% in 1990, there is still huge work to be done. Effort needs to be made rapidly to spread out coverage to the target level of 75%. If the sanitation target is to be achieved, novel and modern approaches need to be developed to reduce the time span from policymaking to services delivery. The global statistics on sanitation hide the dire situation in some developing regions. With an average coverage in developing regions of 50%, only one out of two people has access to some sort of improved sanitation facility. The regions presenting the lowest coverage are sub-Saharan Africa (37%), Southern Asia (38%) and Eastern Asia (45%). Western Asia (84%) has the highest coverage among developing regions. Out of every three persons unserved, two live in Southern Asia or Eastern Asia.
Non-Aligned Movement in order to tackle the growing issue better has come up with steps. NAM came up with measures as to how should we try and secure our environment thereby our populace – providing them healthy and hygienic sanitation.

NAM has called its member states to follow the UN guidelines on sanitation. The UN suggests that an effective sanitation mechanism entails division into two categories for practical purposes: On-site systems (e.g. latrines), store and/or treat excreta at the point of generation, and Off-site systems (e.g. sewerage) where excreta is transported to another location for treatment, disposal or use. Some on-site systems, particularly in densely populated regions or with permanent structures, will have off-site treatment components as well.

NAM calls for effective Waste management treatment system. Waste needs to be treated to remove or inactivate pathogens before it can be safely reused or disposed of safely. Many on-site waste disposal methods treat excreta by storing it for enough time to kill the pathogens.
Most off-site strategies (and some on-site systems) require wastes to be treated at a facility before it can be safely used or released into the environment. Durban, South Africa local sewerage networks have been connected to small treatment plants (baffled aerobic reactors) to cost-effectively treat more waste. In other areas where offsite treatment is required, and land is available at low cost, waste stabilization ponds have proven to be cost effective methods for treating waste water.

NAM hopes to see better functioning sanitation facilities in near future with such measures being taken by it and its member states to implement and bear results for the same. With its precise teams set for sanitation and health department at work NAM looks forward to combat the problem turning the globe into environment friendly for all species at present and future generations.

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