Non-Aligned Movement has recognized the importance of clean water and sanitation for social, economic and environmental development, and that water is a key to sustainable development. NAM has also recognized the right to safe and clean drinking water and sanitation as a human right that is essential for the full enjoyment of life and all human rights.
Kenya, a NAM Member State, is committed to these objectives and has formulated the Kenya environmental Sanitation and Hygiene Policy2016 – 2030. The Kenya Environmental Sanitation and Hygiene Policy 2016-2030 is the outcome of reviews to address limitations of the National Environmental Sanitation and Hygiene Policy published in 2007.
The policy takes full cognisance of the devolution of most sanitation functions and services to the 47 County Governments vide the Fourth Schedule of the Constitution of Kenya 2010. A result of nation-wide consultations and validation meetings, the policy takes a rights-based approach and redirects the efforts towards achieving the Kenya Vision 2030 and the global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
The policy commits the Government of the Republic of Kenya at both National and County levels to pursuing a robust strategy that will not only enable all Kenyans to enjoy their right to highest attainable standards of sanitation but also to a clean and healthy environment as guaranteed by the Constitution of Kenya 2010. The policy, therefore, focuses on a range of complementary strategies devoted to ensuring universal access to improved sanitation and clean and healthy environment.
Ultimately, it is the goal of this policy to ensure better health, dignity, social well-being and quality of life for all the people of Kenya. To achieve this grand vision, the policy puts emphasis on increasing public and private sector investment through public-private partnerships. In this, the policy aims to mobilize all available resources – public and private, community and individual – in pursuit of our collective national vision of transforming Kenya into “a newly-industrialized, middle-income country providing a high quality of life to all its citizens in a clean and secure environment.”
The policy focusses on the following key areas: a) Scaling up access to improved rural and urban sanitation; b) Assuring clean and healthy environment free from public nuisances; c) Fostering private sector participation and investment in sanitation; .d) Building governance and leadership capacity for sanitation; e) Sustainable financing and investment for sanitation; f) Building enabling legal and regulatory environment; g) Establishing an effective research and development framework for sanitation and h) Strengthening monitoring and evaluation systems for the sanitation sector.
The Kenya Environmental Sanitation and Hygiene Policy (KESHP) 2016-2030 provides broad guidelines to both state and non-state actors at all levels to work towards universal access to improved sanitation leading to improved quality of life for the people. Primarily, the KESH policy aims to increase the proportion of the population with access to improved sanitation to 100 percent by 2030 and ensure a clean and healthy environment for all in Kenya.
The KESHP proposes a range of complementary activities including the provision of sanitation services and maintenance of sanitary facilities for proper collection, treatment and environmentally sound disposal of liquid and solid wastes, water treatment and safety, promotion of hygiene practices, public education, sanitation marketing, regulation and legislation supported by clearly mandated institutions, sustainable financing and research and development.
The KESH policy emphasises the systematic collection of data on wastes from all sectors of the economy to support research and development to meet the challenges of managing wastes associated with Kenya’s growing economy, rapid urbanization and the rapidly changing lifestyles. The policy supports building of international, national, county and community partnerships with the private sector and civil society through effective public sector facilitation, coordination and investment.
The KESH Policy covers urban and rural areas including households and local institutions such as schools and other educational institutions, health facilities, religious institutions, public institutions such as prisons, public places including bus stops, markets and beaches, industrial plants, commercial premises, plantations and cultural and recreational centres such as hotels and recreational centre.
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