The welfare of the citizens of a country is considered to be the core objective of the governance of an economy because it is the citizens of the country that are the drivers of growth and development of an economy. While promoting peace resides as the principal agenda for the formation of the Non-Aligned Movement, the 120-nation led organisation thrives for the development of all with the concerted efforts of all the member states. India being a part of the organisation has well understood the idea of development of a nation with the welfare of every citizen of the country and has initiated several efforts to promote the culture of innovation-based development that in turn proves to be in favour of the very economy.
In an economy where every individual in itself is a gem for the country and can prove to be useful for the nation in his own ways, it becomes the responsibility of the government to identify the skill gaps and develop the existing skills to enable him to achieve his goals. The process is termed as skill development and it must be noted significantly that India, in line with this effort, formulated its National Skill Development Policy in 2009. But under the leadership of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the country, given the paradigm shift in skilling and entrepreneurship ecosystem in the country along with the experience gained from the implementation of various skill development programmes and policies in time before, got approved its first integrated National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship in 2015.
Superseding the policy of 2009, the revised policy of 2015 visions to create an ecosystem of empowerment of the citizens of India by skilling them on a large scale at speed with high standards and to promote the culture of innovation in entrepreneurship so as to generate wealth and employment, ensuring sustainable livelihoods for the citizens of India. The supplanted 2015 policy also aims to provide a blanket framework for all skilling activities carried out in the country, in order to line them up to common standards and connecting skilling with demand centres. With the core objective of empowering the individuals by enabling them to realise their full potential with the means of lifelong learning, various initiatives have been ensured by the government of India to coordinate and strengthen various factors essential for giving a boost to entrepreneurship across the country.
From making vocational training aspirational for both the youth and employers, to providing vertical and horizontal pathways for further growth of the individuals through a seamless integration of skill training, to increasing training infrastructure in terms of quantity and quality, to leverage modern technology for scale, access and outreach and promoting increased participation of women in the workforce among others, a number of initiatives have been undertaken by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi led government in India to meet the objectives of the policy and increase the standards of individuals and entrepreneurship, in line with the measures and ideas of citizens’ welfare, adhered by the Non- Aligned Movement.
Some of the vital initiatives put in line with the policy include, the launch of the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) that aims to hand over the youth, the short term skill training, along with notification of common norms to ensure uniformity and standardization in implementation of various skill development schemes at the hands of various departments and ministries. Also, the government has launched the Skill India Portal that aims to provide information about trainees, training providers and trainers in just one click. It also has set up Sector Skill Councils (SSCs) as industry-led bodies for the development of National Occupation Standards (NOSs).
Apart from these, the government of India has also been backed by the World Bank and has ensured the implementation of Skills Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood Promotion (SANKALP) for fostering and strengthening institutional mechanisms at both state and national levels. Another World Bank assisted project, namely, Skills Strengthening for Industrial Value Enhancement (STRIVE) scheme, has been launched by the government to improve the relevance and efficiency of skills training provided through Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) and apprenticeships. Kaushal/Rozgar Melas, Skills Career Counselling Scheme are some of the mobilisation or outreach activities deployed by the government in making skilling aspirational for individuals. With its strong commitment to the welfare and development of its individuals, India has been backed by the NAM. The ideologies empowered by the 120-nation organisation have always been a part of the initiatives enrolled by India.