Effort on Disaster Risk Reduction to be Accelerated as a Result of Nairobi Declaration

The Nairobi Declaration, signed by African ministers and chiefs of delegations on November 19, 2021, emphasized the importance of delivering pledges on the Sendai Framework’s Programme of Action (PoA). 

This contained action plans for implementing the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR) from 2015 to 2030, as part of the PoA. 

The Plan of Action lays out how Africa intends to implement SFDRR across the continent. 

The proclamation was adopted on November 19 in Nairobi, Kenya, at the seventh high-level meeting on disaster risk reduction, which was the final day of the three-day Eighth Africa Regional Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction, which began digitally on November 17. 

The virtual meet’s subject Towards Disaster Risk-Informed Development for a Resilient Africa in a COVID-19 Transformed World. The UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) organized the event in partnership with the African Union Commission and the Intergovernmental Authority on Development. 

The ministers in charge of disaster risk reduction (DRR) have reached an agreement on how to fulfill their obligations under the Sendai Framework and the African Union’s Programme of Action for its implementation in Africa. 

Climate change has increased the continent’s vulnerability to its effects.  

The Sendai Framework aims to greatly reduce disaster risk and losses in lives, livelihoods, and health, as well as in economic, physical, social, cultural, and environmental assets of individuals, businesses, communities, and countries. 

The Sendai Framework’s implementation is projected to contribute to the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals and the Agenda 2063 commitment “The Africa we Want”. 

There has been progress since the Tunis Declaration was adopted in 2018, with 25 African countries adopting DRR strategies and action plans linked with the Sendai Framework. 

The Tunis Declaration was signed during the Africa Arab Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction, which took place in Tunis from October 9 to 13, 2018. 

 The average score in the Africa region for the adoption and execution of national disaster risk reduction policies in compliance with the Sendai Framework 2015-2030 improved between 2019 and 2020. 

The importance of the Sendai Framework was also recognized by Workneh Gebeyehu, executive secretary of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), who offered a revised regional strategy for disaster risk resilience matched to it. 

The Sendai Framework lays out a clear policy route for governments and communities to follow in order to significantly reduce the consequences of natural and human-caused hazards by 2030 compared to 2005-2015. 

It was the first significant post-2015 development agenda agreement to equip member states with tangible steps to safeguard development achievements from disaster. 

One of the goals of the Sendai Framework was to significantly reduce global catastrophe mortality by 2030, with the goal of lowering the average world death per 100,000 between 2020 and 2030 compared to 2005-2015. 

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