On Monday, China opened the International Research Center for Big Data for Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in Beijing.
It is the world’s first international scientific research institution to use big data to aid in the implementation of the United Nations’ 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, a blueprint for peace and prosperity that was adopted by all UN member states in 2015 and includes 17 SDGs and 169 targets.
The center will provide a global monitoring and assessment framework for the SDGs, providing data sharing, technological help, and decision-making support to relevant UN agencies and member states.
In SDG research, big Earth data, a type of big data linked with the Earth sciences, plays a role. Big Earth data can help to increase monitoring indicator coverage by creating new datasets and providing more timely data to fill in and rebuild gaps in time series, allowing for higher spatial and temporal resolution monitoring findings for SDG indicators.
Big Earth data, which comprises satellite remote sensing data, sensor network data, trajectory data, social and economic statistics data, opinion and behavior data, transaction data, and survey data, is currently frequently employed in SDG research.