17th NAM summit 2015: Actions and expectations

The Non-Aligned Movement was formed during the Cold War, largely on the initiative of The then-Yugoslav President Josip Broz Tito, as an organization of States that did not seek to formally align themselves with either the super powers, but sought to remain independent and neutral. The basic concept for the group originated in 1955 during discussions that took place at the Asia-Africa Bandung Conference held in Indonesia. Subsequently, a preparatory meeting for the First NAM Summit Conference was held in Cairo, Egypt from 5-12 June 1961, at this meeting, participants discussed the goals of a policy of nonalignment, which were adopted as criteria for membership.
The NAM traces its origins to a meeting in 1955 which discussed common concerns where only 29 Asian and African country heads of state were present, today the number of member countries attending the meet is 120. NAM has sought to create an independent path in world politics that would not result in member States becoming pawns in the struggles between the major powers; it identifies the right of independent judgment, the struggle against imperialism and neo-colonialism, and the use of moderation in relations with all big powers as the three basic elements that have influenced its approach. At present, an addition goal is facilitating a restructuring of the international economic order. NAM has rotating chairmanship which changes after every three years prior to Summit. Iran chaired the last summit in 2012 inaugurating the XVI NAM Summit. The chair is responsible for promoting the principles and activities of NAM, and the Foreign Ministry and Permanent Mission in New York of the Chair’s State assumes administrative responsibility. NAM has many working committees and groups that meet as per need to discuss issues regarding to the member countries. NAM and Group of 77 are the joint coordinating committees that coordinate and promote the interests of developing countries in the international community.
The final statement of the XVI NAM summit emphasized important chapters including political and economic crisis of the world, the issue of Palestine, the right of use of peaceful nuclear energy as well as lasting world peace. Prominence on global elimination of nuclear weapons, participation of countries in global governance and unanimity on resolving regional crises especially in Syria are among important issues which were raised in Tehran summit. The Israel – Palestine conflict and the self determination demand, being one of the main reasons of critical situation in the Middle East was the other axis of Tehran summit statement. The content of Tehran statement shows that the 16th NAM summit in Tehran paid attention to the present and future but it stresses the fundamental principles of NAM.
The next NAM Summit is to be conducted in Venezuela in 2015; the 17th Ministerial Conference involving the NAM and the G77 took place in May 2014 that adopted the Algiers Declaration. The G77 remains the major economic forum offering the countries of South means to promoting the common economic interests while strengthening their negotiation capacities on all major economic issues within the UN, and enhancing South-South cooperation for development. Many expectations are raised from the 17th NAM summit adhering to the principles of the movement. The 17th Summit should focus on the issues as follows:
Non Proliferation of Nuclear weapons:
Reaffirm nuclear disarmament as NAM’s highest priority and outlined elements for a plan of action to eliminate nuclear weapons.
Security assurances against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons.
NAM should call for immediate and unconditional cessation of all nuclear weapon tests and the closure of all nuclear weapon test sites.
Achieve the goal of total elimination of nuclear weapons; the NAM thus should stress the importance of strengthening the institutions of the NPT and relying on effective, non-discriminatory multi-lateral actions.
Ensure its members’ “inalienable right” to pursue peaceful applications for nuclear energy.
Economic development:
Synergy between NAM and G77 to strengthen.
More coordination between NAM and G77 should focus on achieving international global status.
Aim at shaping reinforced coordination on economic and environmental issues, including those related to climate change and put on the agenda of the UN system.
Peace:
Members of NAM should work for the peaceful resolution of conflicts and for the democratization of the global governance system.
To encourage the UN to bring just and comprehensive solution to guarantee the rights of the Palestinian people to establish an independent State.
To launch a serious dialogue in Syria between different parties to reach a resolution state.
Reform the UN policies:
To reform the UN policies on the need to review the rules of the organization to ensure justice and fairness throughout the world, and allow it to have an active role in international security and peace especially in regions witnessing tensions.
To reform UN policies and implement without discrimination.
Support human rights free from political agendas and opposition to racism and “Islamophobia”.
Should emphasize the need for changing the current structure of the UN, preservation of the right of sovereignty and territorial integrity of countries, non-interference in internal affairs of other countries.
NAM has enabled its member countries to express their needs and demand for just development on an international platform. So far the movement has been strong internationally encouraging more countries to join in the cause of maintaining solidarity and integrity. There is a permanent bond between traditional beliefs of the NAM founders and the current ideals of the world nations which have taken shape on the basis of common human ideals aimed at justice and mysticism in the world. Thus, principles like denouncing hegemony, confrontation with dominance and efforts for creating a just system in the world, filling the gap between the north and south countries are among the main goals of the NAM; yet it should be taken into account that unity and solidarity among all NAM members is the precondition for success, potency and victory of NAM over domineering powers. NAM has provided a stage where the member countries can appeal against the wrong done without being offended by any prejudice. The future summits do underlined the Movement’s abiding faith in, and strong commitment to, its founding principles, ideals and purposes, particularly the call to establish a peaceful and prosperous world and a just and equitable world order as well as to the purposes and principles enshrined in the United Nations Charter.

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